Annual Baltic Military History Conference 2023


"Military Thought and its Transformation in the Newly Independent States of Europe in 1918-1940" took place on 26-27 October at Athena Centre, in Tartu, Estonia.

Baltic Defence College, Estonian War Museum and Estonian Military Academy would like to thank all the speakers and participants for their input and for attending the Conference!



Video Recordings

Day 1: October 26, 2023

Day 2: October 27, 2023

10:00
10:00 - 10:15

CONFERENCE OPENING

Opening remarks by:

Mr Hellar Lill, Director at Estonian War Museum
COL (ret) Dr (hab) Zdzisław Śliwa, Dean at Baltic Defence College
BG Vahur Karus, Commandant at Estonian Military Academy
10:15
10:15 - 10:30

Hendrik Sepp Prize

Award Ceremony of the Hendrik Sepp Prize by the Estonian War Museum and Estonian Ministry of Defence
10:30
10:30 - 11:30

Keynote Speaker

Dr Frank Reichherzer, The Center for Military History and Social Sciences of the German Armed Forces (ZMSBw)

"Thinking War. Military, Society and Warfare between the World Wars."

Moderated by Dr Igor Kopõtin.
12:00
12:00 - 13:30

Forming the new armies and assessments for the possible conflicts

12.00 - 12.30 Dr Arto Oll, The Estonian Maritime Museum
"The Development of Estonian Naval Strategic Thought and Assessments of the Capability of the Soviet Baltic Fleet, 1919-1939."

12.30 - 13.00 LTC Markus Wahlstein, (MA), Director of Army Research Centre, Finland
"In the shadow of the red army – threat assessment and the development of Finnish defense during 1920´s and 30´s."

13.00 - 13.30 Dr Valdas Rakutis, Member of the Lithuanian Parliament
"Experience of Lithuania Independance Wars in concept of army building: cavalry and aviation."

Moderated by Mr Art Johanson.
15:00
15:00 - 16:30

Press as a Platform for the Development of Military Thought

15.00 - 15.30 Dr Kārlis Dambītis, Leading researcher, National Defence Academy of Latvia
"Representation of theoretical and practical problems in the Latvian army in the 1920s-1930s: an example of military press publications."

15.30 -16.00 MAJ (ret) PhD Gintautas Jakštys, Lecturer, Klaipėda University
"The Rise of Military Thought in the Lithuanian Military Press in 1919-1940."

16.00-16.30 Michal Cáp (MA), Junior Researcher at the Military History Institute; Prague, Czech Republic

"The Challenges of our Defence" Military Thought and Officer’s Writings in interwar Czechoslovakia."

Moderated by MAJ Karl-Erik Kirschbaum.
17:00
17:00 - 18:00

Military thought and the future perception

17.00 - 17.30 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Vytautas Jokubauskas, Senior Research Fellow of the Institute of Baltic Region History and Archaeology, Klaipėda University
"Military ideas and defence plans 1930-1940 in the Lithuanian Army."

17.30 - 18.00 MAJ Peter Mitchell (MA), United States Military Academy (USMA) at West Point, MAJ Tanel Tatsi (MA), Estonian Defence Forces
"The Return of the Defensive: Guarding Estonia in the Interwar Period and the Future."

Moderated by Mr Toomas Hiio.

Closing Remarks
10:00
10:00 - 12:00

Persons and their influence on the military

10.00 - 10.30 Dr (hab) Tomasz Gajownik, Institute of History University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn
"Polish Military Thought in the Interwar Period and the Role of Marshal Piłsudski."

10.30 - 11.00 COL (ret) Aarne Ermus (MA), Estonian Military Academy
"General Laidoner’s doctrine of active defence and its outputs in the Estonian Defence Modernization Plan 1938."

11.00 - 11.30 Prof. Dr Wim Klinkert, Netherlands Defence Academy, Breda
“Michael Calmeyer, a Dutch infantry officer contemplates modern war (1935-1940).”

11.30 - 12.00 Prof. Dr Jonas Vaičenonis, Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas, Lithuania
"Lithuanian Army Officers' Assessments of the German Army's Delay Battles in the Late 1920s - Early 1930s."

Moderated by Dr Mari-Leen Tammela.
13:00
13:00 - 14:00

Experience from the Baltic Wars of Independence and their Influence at the Development of Military Thought

13.00 - 13.30 Dr Egidijus Papečkys, lecturer at Vytautas Magnum University and at the Air Force Command and Staff Course at the Lithuanian Military Academy
"The Lithuanian army in 1935–1940: the development and the implementation of modern technologies."

13.30 - 14.00 MAJ Adam Buschard (MA), Royal Danish Defence College Copenhagen, Denmark
"Preparing for war in the Baltics; the Danish contribution to the Estonian war of independence 1918-1920."


Moderated by Mr Art Johanson.
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